Bougainville

Petite Sirah

A foreigner with Chilean roots. In 1991, Santa Rita was hoping to import Syrah from the United States, but due to the grape’s shortage at that time, it opted for the little known Petite Sirah. Once in Chile, this varietal was grafted into old grapevines to respect the new grape quarantine in Chile. At the end of the quarantine, it was replanted in several high quality valleys and plots, but to everyone’s surprise, it was the original old grapevines that produced the best results. We are now proud to say that perhaps the best Petite Sirah in South America comes from a Chilean vine.

Harvest

2013
2012
2010

Technical details

Varieties 95% Petit Syrah and 5% Syrah
pH: 3.41
Total Acidity: 3.77 g/l
Alcohol Content: 14.3%
Residual Sugar: 2.99 g/l

Expert opinion

“With a particular and marked style, quite original in Chile, the 2013 Bougainville Petite Sirah has strong aromatics coming from the rare Petite Sirah (Durif) grape. It's quite exotic, dark, concentrated and juicy. It fermented in stainless steel and aged in some of the best brand new French oak barrels money can buy for 18 to 19 months, yet it doesn't come through as oaky. It's blended with 5% Syrah. The palate is as exotic, showy and impressive as the nose, and it is medium to full-bodied, ripe but fresh, modern, clean, pleasant and nicely crafted. A one night stand? 9,152 bottles were filled in October 2016."

91 points

Luis Gutiérrez(April 2017 e-Robert Parker.com)

Winemaker's comment

The 2013 vintage of Bougainville is 95% Petite Sirah and 5% Syrah. The roundness and sweetness of the latter complements the verticality of the former to completely fill the palate. The nose shows tremendous elegance, with lively aromas of black fruits in balance with sweet spices as well as nuances of earth and smoke mixed with the balsamic notes that are characteristic of Maipo. On the palate, an initial friendly sweet- ness leads to juicy acidity, and smoky notes, chocolate, and spice appear on the long finish. It is still a very young wine, but the great structure of soft, ripe tannins as well as the bright acidity reveal a long life ahead during which time the charmingly rustic tannins will become smoothly polished.

Climate and soil

The Maipo Valley has a sub-humid Mediterranean climate, with approximately 400 mm of precipitation per year, primarily during the winter months. Summers are hot and dry with more than 20oC of oscillation between the daytime high and nighttime low temperatures on a single day due to the cold air currents from the Andes Mountains.

Vineyard

The Petite Sirah vineyard is just two hectares and consists of vines grafted onto pergola 15 years ago. The loam soil has a layer of clay that retains moisture and another of stones that facilitates drainage, which means the vineyard is not very dependent on external irrigation. The density is 400 plants per hectare. The vines have hard shoots that grow vertically and form an open, well-ventilated, well-illuminated canopy. The vineyard is normally irrigated just once following veraison; this way the vegetative growth stops and the vine concentrates on ripening the bunches. Yield is 7–8 tons per hectare.

Vinification

The wine was vinified by traditional methods in stainless steel tanks with cold maceration prior to fermentation. The first stage of the extraction began at the highest range of temperatures, which were lowered toward the end to preserve the fruitiness of the variety. Upon completion of alcoholic fermentation, the new wine remained on its skins for a post-fermentation maceration followed by 18–19 months of aging in new, medium-toast French oak barrels from different cooperages (Dargaud, Sylvain, and Taransaud) and origins (Nevers and Alliers). The wine was returned to the stainless steel tanks to rest for two months prior to bottling.

Food and wine pairing suggestions

Bougainville is ideal with hearty, slow-cooked meats, spit-grilled lamb, and cheeses.

Technical details

Varieties 90% Petit Syrah and 10% Syrah
pH: 3,32
Total Acidity: 6,02 g/l
Alcohol Content: 14,4%
Residual Sugar: 2,69 g/l

Expert opinion

"All the maturity of the Santa Rita style, but all the strength and clarity in acidity of the strain. This wine is for lamb."

92 points

(December 2015, Descorchados 2016 Chile)

Winemaker's comment

The 2012 vintage of Bougainville is 90% Petite Sirah and 10% Syrah. The roundness and sweetness of the latter complements the verticality of the former to completely fill the palate. The nose shows tremendous elegance, with lively aromas of black fruits in balance with sweet spices as well as nuances of earth and smoke mixed with the balsamic notes that are characteristic of Maipo. On the palate, an initial friendly sweetness leads to juicy acidity, and smoky notes, chocolate, and spice appear on the long finish. It is still a very young wine, but the great structure of soft, ripe tannins as well as the bright acidity reveal a long life ahead during which time the charmingly rustic tannins will become smoothly polished.

Vintage report 2012 harvest

The 2011–2012 season was marked by low rainfall in the winter, a dry spring, and average temperatures in the normal range. A heat wave in November was probably related to the shatter observed at the end of fruit set and that affected the yields of some varieties in the zone. The production of Petite Sirah, however, was slightly higher than in the previous year. The summer was predictable, with heat waves that caused the maximum temperatures to rise above normal in February and March, although they began to drop toward April. Veraison took place on the expected date and was quick. This year’s daily temperature differentials were higher than usual due to the high daytime temperatures paired with nighttime temperatures that were slightly lower than normal. This variety ripened at the normal time.

Climate and soil

The Maipo Valley has a sub-humid Mediterranean climate, with approximately 400 mm of precipitation per year, primarily during the winter months. Summers are hot and dry with more than 20oC of oscillation between the daytime high and nighttime low temperatures on a single day due to the cold air currents from the Andes Mountains.

Vineyard

The Petite Sirah vineyard is just two hectares and consists of vines grafted onto pergola 15 years ago. The loam soil has a layer of clay that retains moisture and another of stones that facilitates drainage, which means the vineyard is not very dependent on external irrigation. The density is 400 plants per hectare. The vines have hard shoots that grow vertically and form an open, well-ventilated, well-illuminated canopy. The vineyard is normally irrigated just once following veraison; this way the vegetative growth stops and the vine concentrates on ripening the bunches. Yield is 7–8 tons per hectare.

Vinification

The wine was vinified by traditional methods in stainless steel tanks with cold maceration prior to fermentation. The first stage of the extraction began at the highest range of temperatures, which were lowered toward the end to preserve the fruitiness of the variety. Upon completion of alcoholic fermentation, the new wine remained on its skins for a post-fermentation maceration followed by 18–19 months of aging in new, medium-toast French oak barrels from different cooperages (Dargaud, Sylvain, and Taransaud) and origins (Nevers and Alliers). The wine was returned to the stainless steel tanks to rest for two months prior to bottling.

Food and wine pairing suggestions

Bougainville is ideal with hearty, slow-cooked meats, spit-grilled lamb, and cheeses.

Technical details

Varieties 85% Petit Syrah and 15% Syrah
pH: 3.35
Total Acidity: 3,9
Alcohol Content: 14,6%
Residual Sugar: 2,5

Expert opinion

"It's not everyday that I get to taste a Petite Sirah from Chile or an eighty dollar of Petite Sirah from anywhere, for that matter. The price may seem a little crazy but this is an amazing bottle of wine. Blackberry, black cherry, kirsch, mint, cinnamon, nutmeg, dark chocolate, mild damp earth and just a touch of oak char come through aromas and flavor profiles, with a long finish that’s quite dry but bright in fruit and spice. Solidly structured and very approachable now, but will reward further aging. If you’ve got the scratch to put this in a blind tasting, you’ll turn more than a few heads. Who knew?"

93 points

(January 2015, Wine Review On line USA)

Winemaker's comment

The 2010 vintage of Bougainville is 85% Petite Sirah and 15% Syrah. The roundness and sweetness of the latter complements the verticality of the former to completely fill the palate. The nose shows tremendous elegance, with lively aromas of black fruits in balance with sweet spices as well as nuances of earth and smoke mixed with the balsamic notes that are characteristic of Maipo. On the palate, an initial friendly sweetness leads to juicy acidity, and smoky notes, chocolate, and spice appear on the long finish. It is still a very young wine, but the great structure of soft, ripe tannins as well as the bright acidity reveal a long life ahead during which time the charmingly rustic tannins will become smoothly polished.

Vintage Report

The 2009–2010 season began with a cold spring that included frosts that affected the lower sectors of the vineyards in Alto Jahuel, which compromised the primary buds. Those that were not affected, however, along with the secondary buds, sprouted uniformly after a 10–15-day delay. Flowering was normal and fruit set was good, with no shatter or coloure. Vine growth stopped early and veraison was somewhat late in relation to a normal year. The grapes were picked in late April.

Climate and soil

The Maipo Valley has a sub-humid Mediterranean climate, with approximately 400 mm of precipitation per year, primarily during the winter months. Summers are hot and dry with more than 20oC of oscillation between the daytime high and nighttime low temperatures on a single day due to the cold air currents from the Andes Mountains.

Vineyard

The Petite Sirah vineyard is just two hectares and consists of vines grafted onto pergola 15 years ago. The loam soil has a layer of clay that retains moisture and another of stones that facilitates drainage, which means the vineyard is not very dependent on external irrigation. The density is 400 plants per hectare. The vines have hard shoots that grow vertically and form an open, well-ventilated, well-illuminated canopy. The vineyard is normally irrigated just once following veraison; this way the vegetative growth stops and the vine concentrates on ripening the bunches. Yield is 7–8 tons per hectare.

Vinification

The wine was vinified by traditional methods in stainless steel tanks with cold macera- tion prior to fermentation. The first stage of the extraction began at the highest range of temperatures, which were lowered toward the end to preserve the fruitiness of the variety. Upon completion of alcoholic fermentation, the new wine remained on its skins for a post-fermentation maceration followed by 18–19 months of aging in new, medium-toast French oak barrels from different cooperages (Dargaud, Sylvain, and Taransaud) and origins (Nevers and Alliers). The wine was returned to the stainless steel tanks to rest for two months prior to bottling.

Food and wine pairing suggestions

Bougainville is ideal with hearty, slow-cooked meats, spit-grilled lamb, and cheeses.

Terroir
Valley

Maipo

Varieties

Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petite Sirah, among other red varieties.

Weather

Its semi-arid Mediterranean climate produces cold winters with moderate rainfall, hot, dry summers. The thermal oscillation can exceed 20ºC (68ºF), with average annual temperatures of 13.9ºC (57ºF). The average rainfall ranges between 300 and 450 mm/year.

Annual average temperature

13,9 ºC (57 ºF).

Average annual precipitation

400 mm.

Soil and surface

The valley has alluvial and colluvial, stony soils that allow good drainage.

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